As a part of the agricultural evolution and in an effort to seek more efficient production systems, orchards were intensified basically due to the rise of new genetic materials (rootstocks) in the different species.
- 1970-1980: M9 rootstock for apple trees.
- 1980-1990: MC rootstock for pear trees.
- The 1990’s: Agromillora introduced the high-density system in olive tree orchards with low-vigor varieties, selling more than 120 million Olint plants throughout the world.
- After the year 2000: Gisela rootstock for cherry trees.
Nowadays, ROOTPAC rootstocks enable the development of almond, peach, nectarine, plum and apricot crops.
PRINCIPLES OF THE HIGH-DENSITY SYSTEM
Dwarf rootstocks plus Appropriate soil management
- Increased planting density
- Accelerated production
- Mechanization / cost reduction
- Improved fruit quality
The main advantages and technical aspects of the high-density system specific to each crop are explained in more detail below.